PACHYSANDRA. 12. Useful>terminalis.
Green Sheen is
a new, shiny cultivar of same. Consider procumbens
(Alleghany Spurge), a distinctive American native. Zone 4
Garden peonies are among the longest lived of perennials.
In a good site they will continue to prosper for 50 years
or more. Plant them like trees, i.e., dig a hole twice as
big as the plant and include bonemeal and compost in the soil
mix. The most common reason for failure to bloom is planting
too deep. The top eye (growing point) should be 1 to 1-1/2
inches below surface--no more! Peonies also need sun to bloom.
Finally, plant them at least 3 feet apart and in a well-drained
(but not dry) soil, to avoid fungal damage. For the same reason,
never compost peony leaves as they may carry disease (botrytis
is the worst) to other plants. Don't overlook the importance
of peony foliage in the border.
Bareroot peonies can only be moved in September, so we pot
some at that time for the following Spring. Note that our
plants are mature--most will bloom in the pots. Established
plants can be seen in our garden. We have relied on the descriptions
and evaluations in the very authoritative Peonies
by Al Rogers for those that are new to us. Note that we have
doubles (bombs), singles and Japanese (with stamenoid tufts
in the centers), in the full color range. Not every variety
is available every year.
Bowl of Beauty.
Early pink Japanese with yellow center.
Charm. 34 Late
Japanese, ruby red, yellow-tipped petaloids.
30-36 Midseason Japanese; white, gold
30 Midseason Single Novelty. Twisted
petals of cherry pink, overlaid cream and white.
36 Early semi-double coral-peach.
36 Early. Salmon-coral double.
21 Early Single Red, finely cut foliage. NEW.
24 Early Double Dark Red; nice in bud.
30 Midseason Japanese, cerise pink. NEW.
Ruby red double.
Festiva Maxima. 36
Early. The standard white double.
Fire Opal. Ruby
red double, white edge on central petals.
(gn) Early fuschia single; true name unk.
Flame. 26 Early.
Fiery rosy red single.
32 Early single, dark red, vigorous.
large watermelon red double. Gold Medal.
32 Mid-season crimson red double.
34". Single white flowers, yellow centers.
Maestro. 36 Midseason
Dark Red Double. NEW
Mrs. Wilder Bancroft.
Midseason ruby red Japanese.
Norma Volz. 36
Midseason double white with yellow and
blush pink highlights. Gold Medal.
Pink Hawaian Coral.
36 Early. Coral double forms a rose
shape. Gold Medal in 2000.
VL Dark rose pink double; fine cut flower.
Early. Fiery red single, good plant habit
Sea Shell. Early
light pink single. Gold Medal .
Silver Dawn Mix.
Early singles; pinks and yellows. NEW.
Single rose flr, compact plant. NEW
Vivid Rose. 27
Late , shimmering deep pink double. NEW.
Page 26 SYMBOL>2003
Phoenix Flower Farm
HERBACEOUS PEONIES ON DISPLAY
Bowl of Cream, Bunker Hill, Charlies White, Chinook,
Coral Fay, Duchesse de Nemours, Early Windflower,
Elsa Sass, Honey Gold, Jan van Leeuwen, Kelway's
Glorious, Laura Dessert, Monsieur Jules Elie,
Moon of Nippon, Mount Saint Helens, officinalis
Rosa Plena, Paula Fay, peregrina
Sunshine, Raspberry Sundae, Rose Tulip, Royal
Rose, Shirley Temple, tenuifolia
(Fern Leaf), Top Brass
Please feel free to express your interest in
any of these varieties. In some cases we may be
able to get your choices for you this year. In
any case, your desires will guide our digging
and/or ordering for 2004 .
White, yellow, pink, red, purple. A limited supply of named,
own root, tree peonies is available. These are in root control>
PANAX quinquifolia (ginseng). An attractive American native,
quite aside from its position in folklore.
(Oriental Poppy). 36". Poppies are notorious for being
not true-to-name, so we recommend you select from our larger
plants in bloom, if you want to be certain of color. Plant
poppies where they can fade into the background after flowering;
foliage becomes ratty. Zone 3.
of Livermore. Definitely red.
Scarlet, tending toward orange.
White with orange edge.
Victoria Louise. Salmon pink.
Wedding. 32 Pure white flowers with black center.
30-36". Orange-red, fringed edge.
PATRINIA. We really like this. Panicles of bright yellow
flowers make it look like a yellow Baby's Breath, and it blooms
in late summer. Great with grasses, asters, and mums.
PENSTEMON (Beard Tongue). Typically several spikes covered
with small tubular flowers arise from basal rosette of lanceolate
leaves. Summer blooming, sun or part shade, well-drained soil.
Good cut flower. Our stock is rated to Zone 4.
(Foxglove Penstemon). Glossy green basal leaves, white
Husker Red. 30".
Superior cultivar of P.
digitalis. Broad maroon
leaves, white flowers. 1996 Perennial Plant of
the Year. Try
it with pink irises!
Elfin Pink. 12"
spikes, bright pink.
Purple Haze. 8". Cascading evergreen sub- shrub,
lilac-purple flowers in late Spring. Z4.
8". Purple, blooms June-Aug.
8-10". Coral flowers, needle-like leaves.
26". Wht, pink, rose, lavender Mix.
(Russian Sage) 36-48". Perennial Plant of the Year for
1995. Gray foliaged, semi-woody and open plant with masses
of lavender blue flowers in spikes. Midsummer bloom. Happy
plants give a see-through lavender haze very attractive in
a large mixed border. Full sun, well-drained soil. In addition
to the species, we have Filigran,
with lacier foliage than others, and Longin,
a more upright form than the species. Little
Spires (PPAF) grows just 25. New in 2002.
PERSICARIA (was Polygonum).
Speciosa (Fire Tails). To 4 ft. Bright scarlet
flower spikes on large, dark green plants.
Superba (Bistort). 2-3'. Showy rose-pink spires early
Summer. Large glossy leaves turn red in fall. Good large
scale groundcover in sun or part shade.
Magic Carpet. Bronze leafed ground cover with
rose-pink flowers all summer. Full sun to full shade. New.
Painter's Palette. 24". Green leaves, central red-brown
zones, ivory-yellow and pink splashes, stripes: Marvelous
foliage plant. Z4.
Red Dragon. Bold
red and green foliage with silver
chevrons, creamy white flowers on 24 plant. PP#12062.
PETRORHAGIA (was Tunica) saxifraga
Lady Mary. (Coat Flower). Resembles a small Baby's Breath.
Quarter-inch double rose-pink flowers on 6-inch ferny foliage
all summer. Last year we found it makes a gorgeous pot plant,
blooming from June until hard frost. Found in sunny, dry,
PHLOX. Large family of Spring and Summer bloomers. Z3.
(Canadian Phlox). 12". Spring flowering; best in
moist light shade. Choose from canadensis
Clouds of Perfume
a cross between P. divaricata
and P. pilosa
(blue with a
maroon eye). Try Blue
Elf, new in 2003.
trifloras. 18-24" native. Lilac pink blooms,
rosette in Spring. Moist soil, sun or part shade.
(Carolina). 24". Summer phlox that is less subject to
mildew than paniculata.
Miss Lingard is
is deep rose pink. Newer listings are Alpha
rose pink), Magnificent
(blue pink), and Omega
with pink eye).
(Tall Summer Phlox). Hybridizers have been working on mildew
resistance; good air circulation is still the best protection!
Pink flower, gold and green variegated leaf.
40. Fresh flowers seem really blue to us.
Bright Eyes .
36" soft pink, strong red eye.
4-5'. Fragrant, strong grower, very mildew resist-
ant; best white. 2002 Perennial Plant of the Year.
Cullum. Rich pink, red eye, mildew resistant
Schubert. 36" lilac blue; compact,vigorous.
Leigh. Green and white variegated foliage makes it special,
but also a sometimes finicky grower. Pink flowers
on 30-36" stems.
Perfection. 24". Salmon orange, tough.
Robert Poore. 4-5 ft. Deep pink flowers; clean foliage
all summer is claimed. Robust.
Brightest, truest red, some say.
24". Rosy red, early & rebloom. Reddish foliage.
(Creeping Phlox) 6-8" flower spikes rise from the evergreen
leaf mat in Spring. A woods phlox, or use as groundcover around
deciduous shrubs, large hostas.
Ridge. Lavender-blue, closest to native. Limited.
White. Pristine white flowers April-May.
Fires is a deep pink, very successful>
White. New in 2002.
Pink Ridge has
showy pink flowers, to 10".
Purple. Pale purple flowers in May.
White edged leaf, pink flower. Limited
The familiar Spring rock garden phlox. Foliage is needle like
and semi-evergreen. Spring sun and good drainage preferred,
but a little shade in summer will improve
foliage quality. Avail. in White, Blue and Red, or by variety:
Dark Pink. Rosy "red'.
Stripe. Medium pink and white stripes.
Eye. Pink with red eye.
(Crosswort) is a charming 8 rockery creeper, with purply-pink
flowers May July. Rumor says it is part of the bedstraw family,
so watch it!
PHYSOSTEGIA (Obedient Plant). 24-30". Tubular flowers
on graceful>Miss Manners is a big improvement on the species
whitemore compact, better mannered. Vivid
has green leaves, bright orchid pink flowers, a long bloom
period. Vivid Variegated
has green and white foliage. Especially handsome in Fall,
when foliage purples.To Zone 3.
6. Easy rock garden plant with showy heads of blue flowers
(like a mutant bellflower?). NEW
PINELLIA looks like an exotic Jack-in-the-Pulpit, to which
it is loosely related. Definitely a conversation piece for
shady spots. Tripartita
atropurpurea are the ones weve been growing. Pedatisecta
reseeds and makes an exotic groundcover. Stock limited on
PLATYCODON (Balloon Flower). Balloon-like buds open to 2"
tailored stars in late summer. These plants are very late
to break ground in the Spring--keep the faith! Plant in sun
or light shade, well-drained soil. Large flowers cover a 6-8"
clump on variety Sentimental
flower power! Deadhead for good rebloom.
SYMBOL>2003 Phoenix Flower Farm Page 27
(Mayapple). 18. One great lobed leaf , creamy, nodding flowers,
and red fruit mark this familiar native woods plant. Goes
dormant early. Zone 4.
POLEMONIUM (Jacob's Ladder). Clusters of medium blue bells
on fern-like foliage. Striking foliage variegation of Brise
d Anjou, of the variegated foliage, has performed very
well for us since 1998, in a rich, moist spot which receives
morning sun. We have had reports of sudden death, so it may
be picky. Blue Pearl
forms neat 12" mounds; very serviceable. Apricot
Delight is a tall form with apricot flowers, a bit floppy.
boreale Heavenly Habit is a 20 selection with larger
blue flowers than the species, very fragrant; nice! This family
needs good drainage. To Zone 3.
POLYGONATUM (Solomon's Seal). To 4 ft. Domesticated woods
wildflower has an arching stem with paired leaves. 1"
white bells hang from the underside of the stem. Most graceful>Variegatum
has a narrow white leaf edge. 20". The dwarf species
grows upright to about 8, and quickly forms a dark green,
nicely textured groundcover.
POLYGONUM. See Persicaria, or Fallopia.
Country Park. Low growing ground- cover with fragrant,
deep blue flowers in Summer. Full sun.
PRIMULA (Primrose). Large family of brightly colored flowers
(and homely foliage) that are the Spring stars of the shade
garden, as long as they get enough moisture. Zone 5.
type, orange flowers.
chungensis. Species 24, w/pale orange, fragrant flowers.
No information on this new-to-us cross.
Fine rich colors. Limited.
denticulata (Drumstick). These look like 6" white
lollipops. Very early. To Zone 3.
4 ft. mophead primula from Tibet. May
(Candelabra). To 24". Happy plants produce 2 or 3
tiers of blossoms encircling the stalk, late Spring into Summer.
Will naturalize in moist to wet conditions. Our mix
comes from our friend Lil Gristwood and includes white,
pink, and red shades. Probably Zone 4.
These are the big, showy primroses most often found
in garden centers. We don't know what strain our supplier
uses, but they seem to rebloom much more consistently
than others we have grown. We have blue shades,
pink, rose, yellow, and white.
Wanda. More compact
Late Spring bloomer: Clusters of magenta,
purple or violet funnel-shaped flowers on 12 stems. New.
(Cowslip Primrose). 8". Umbels of nodding pale yellow
blossoms, April-May. Moist soil.
Sunset Shades. Selected strain in yellow, orange, red.
April Rose, Dawn
Page 28 SYMBOL>2003
Phoenix Flower Farm
and Roy Cope are
hybrid double flowered varietes in red,
white, violet-blue,bright pink, and crimson-purple respec-
tively. The last is only 4-6, others 6-8. New in 2002.
PULMONARIA (Lungwort). 8-12". Hairy, oval leaves typically
have white splotches. Clusters of bell-like flowers appear
in early Spring. This is a satisfactory deep shade plant.
There has been a flurry of hybridizing in this family in recent
years. Newer varieties are more mildew resistant and more
richly patterned than old Mrs. Moon.
Very long leaves, vigorous;
steel blue flowers. Excellent ground cover.
8". Leaves are narrower, more pointed
and with better contrast than most. The brilliant blue
flowers are a big plus. Very good longifolia
Coral Springs 12
Coral pink flowers May-June
Roy Davidson. Similar to B. Anderson, but sky-blue flowers.
Some say the best plant habit of any.
White. Leaf pattern similar to Mrs.
Moon, but plant is more robust and somewhat
us. Pure white flowers last for several weeks. White
Wings is an
even better compact version (to 8).
or brick red flowers very early; leaf
variegation quickly fades.
David Ward is
with precise white edge on each leaf.
better, can be seen in our Crabapple Bed.
Mrs. Moon. Flowers open pink, turn blue. Good
leaf variegation. Naturalizes readily by seed. This
is the selection seen
in old gardens. Pierres
Pure Pink is a
nice variation; apparently somewhat mildew resistant.
Mostly-silvered leaf. Wine-to-pink flowers.
x Majeste. Silver
gray foliage , narrow green edge. Very
heat tolerant, appears to be better than Excalibur.
x Raspberry Splash
x rubra cross from
Heims, who has revolutionized pulmonaria) Heavily
silver spotted leaves, raspberry pink flowers.
x Spilled Milk.
Heavily silvered cultivar.
x Victorian Brooch.
Distinct compact plant, well-spotted,
with magenta-coral flowers. Patented.
(Pasque Flower). 8". Hairy, deeply cut foliage and cupped
anemone-like blossom explain its previous classification in
that family. Color ranges from near white to purple. Rubra
is a red selection and Papageno
(12) is a seed strain, with fringed double flowers in various
colors. Early Spring bloom in sun or part shade; rich, well-drained
soil recommended. Zones 4 7.
PYCNANTHEMUM virginiana (Mountain Mint). 2-3 ft native aromatic
foliage plant; showy bracts hold clusters of lavender flowers
July September. Zones 3 7.
PYRETHRUM (Painted Daisy). See TANACETUM.