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Catalog F

FERNS. Several families and species valued mainly for foliage. They multiply by spores and also by rhizomes. The majority prosper in rich, moist shade. Most that we offer are acid-loving but there are lime-lovers as well. It is important to know which you require. ALL NATIVE FERNS ARE PROTECTED IN NEW YORK STATE. From propagating nurseries, our own included.

 Adiantum pedatum (Maidenhair). Distinct and beautiful.       Circular fronds, black stems. Requires more moist-

      ure and shade than most. Zone 3.

 Asplenium scolopendrium (Hart's Tongue Fern). 12"       evergreen, strap-like leathery fronds; lime lover.

 Athyrium filix-femina (Lady Fern) 24-36". Very delicate       and upright. Tolerates dry soil. Spreads rapidly to make       an attractive groundcover in open woods. Vernonia

Cristata is a frilled variation with red stems, smaller.

Victoriae Tall Selection grows to 48. Zone 4.

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Athyrium niponicum pictum (Japanese Painted Fern).

Fronds  are silver-gray and green, stems red. Tolerates

some sun.  To 18" but usually smaller. Zone 4.

Athyrium otophorum (Auriculate Lady Fern). 12-18".

Dryopterus clintonia (Clintons Shield Fern). Large,

leathery, growing to 40 in cold climates.

Dryopterus dilatata Recurvata. (Recurved Broad Buckler

Fern). Graceful; good contrast plant. 15-18.

Dryopterus erythrosora (Autumn or Japanese Red Shield       Fern). 18-24". Coppery new growth, red fall color.

Dryopterus filix-mas (Male Fern). Nice woods fern.

Dryopterus filix-mas Cristata Jackson (Male Fern). 2-4 ft.

Dryopterus filix-mas Linearis Polydactylon (Many

Fingered Male Fern)

Dryopterus f-m Undulata Robusta (Robust Male Fern). 2ft.

Dryopterus villarii (Limestone Wood or Rigid Buckler Fern)

Matteuccia spp. (Ostrich Fern). 4 to 6 ft. Fronds look similar to cinnamon fern to the amateur, but  the vaselike habit of the clump is distinctive. Tolerates  some sun if moist. Zone 3.

Osmunda cinnamomea (Cinnamon Fern). 36-48".       Cinnamon-colored spore bearing fronds in Spring.       Vigorous, lush, upright clumps in moist woodlands and       edges. Zone 3.

Osmunda regalis (Royal Fern). 36-48". Leaflets are oval       and smooth edged, not serrated; mature fronds look       like locust leaves. Choice specimen for moist soil; sun or       shade. Purpurascens has purple-red new growth. May

reach 6 ft. Zone 3.

Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas Fern) 1-3'. Prefers       shade, takes some sun if moist;evergreen. Zone 3.

 Thelypteris decursive-pinnata (Japanese Beech Fern).

12- 24". Glossy foliage. Zone 4. .

FILIPENDULA (Meadowsweet) Useful>

Aurea. To 40. Gold foliage is a knockout in light shade.

Kahome 15. A short meadowsweet, with pink flowers.

   purpurea. Similar to rubra, but much shorter.

   rubra Venusta (Queen of the Prairie). To 6'. Rose pink. Z4

   ulmaria Plena. 36-48". Excellent double white.

   u. Variegata. Attractive green and white leaf.

   vulgaris. 24". Ivory plumes above ferny foliage.

FOENICULUM vulgare Rubrum. (Bronze Fennel). 4.