CACTUS, Hardy. For the CNY veteran, prickly pear, see Opuntia.
Some of you know that weve been trying some other hardy cacti
for five years. Some are doing very well. Our source is in
the high desert near the Rockies. These plants require very
sharp drainage all year, and full sun in summer. We offer
a limited number each year, planted in a special mix, to help
with the drainage needs. If youre adventurous, ask us about
CALLIRHOE involucrata (Poppy Mallow, Wine Cups). Charming
low-growing cut-leafed native with bright red-violet cup-shaped
flowers. See it mixed with Lychnis
coronaria (Rose Campion), or climbing through tall grasses,
as it does on the prairie.
CALLUNA (Heather). See also ERICA (Heath). A large family
of ericaceous (acid-loving) plants. The flowers are always
bell-like and tiny. Our supplier sends us only varieties hardy
to Zone 4 and we have never lost a plant to winter kill. The
exact varieties on hand vary from year to year; we have overwintered
more than 30. Representative varieties are listed below; visit
"Mt. Calluna", our demo bed, before choosing.
Gold. 14high x 20 across. Best gold foliage; white flowers
x 24. Gold Spring foliage turns orange red in
Fall. Lavender flowers August - September.
10 x 18. Green foliage. Double pink flowers
July - September.
Corbetts Red. 10
x 16. Crimson flowers August - October,
dark green foliage.
x 10. Mauve flowers July August; copper
foliage in summer, often flecked orange and red all year.
15 x 20. Grayish green upright foliage supports
double dark pink flowers August-October.
Silver Queen. 16
x 22. Lavender flowers July September, downy silver gray foliage.
(Marsh Marigold) Bright yellow buttercup-like flowers. This
low-growing green native appears in and around water in early
spring, then disappears. Once established, spreads freely
by seeding. The double form is especially attractive. NEW
in 2003: a white-flowered form.
CAMPANULA (Bellflower). This is a huge family. Flowers are
(usually) bell-shaped; foliage varies. Most will grow in either
sun or shade and are not too fussy about other aspects of
their lives. Zone 3 unless noted.
(Carpathian harebell). 10". Mounds of crinkled, pointed
leaves carry blue or white upfacing and open bells, mid
to late summer. Carrying species, Light
or Dark Blue
Clips, White Clips.
Free flowering dwarf. Z 5.
(Clustered Bellflower). 18". Among the earliest to
bloom, with brilliant purple upfacing clusters of (tubular)
bells on top of rough foliage. This spreads
rampantly. Cultivar Joan
Elliot looks identical, but forms a tidier clump.
There is also a white form (alba).
(Milky Bellflower). Among the most prized of the large
bellflowers; pale violet bells on 4' plants. Varieties
Anna (pinky) and Pouffe
are more compact.
(Peach-leafed Bellflower). 24-48". Spikes of 1- 1/2"
bells rise from rosettes of neat, slender dark green leaves
in late June.. This one will rebloom all summer if deadheaded
regularly. Choose from a Bluestone selection,
Giant, older variety Telham
Beauty, the species,
and a beauty called Chettle
Charm, or Alba,
white. Kellys Gold has yellow foliage. All are good cut
flowers. Zone 4.
open bluish- mauve flowers over matted foliage.
For the rock garden.
(Serbian Bellflower). 6". We usually call it "Poshky"--a
little flower with a big name. This is a creeper which is
particularly good in shade. Its little blue stars cover
the plant in early summer; it reblooms sporadically if the
spent flower stalks are sheared. E.
H. Frost is the delightful>
(18)has long bells and is somewhat stoloniferous.
is a NEW double form. Elizabeth
Cherry Bells are
rosy red and definitely vigorous.
(Tasmanian Devil). 30". This one's a thug, but a handsome
one. 2" tubular bells, lilac white outside, maroon inside,
hang above shiny dark green foliage. Use it in the background
in shade. It makes a great groundcover 12" high
(foliage only), but give it lots of space. Kent
Belle is a
sterile cross between takesimana
ravishing blue purple 2 bells on 24 stems all summer.
Edith (Garden Cress). 12-15". Moisture-loving, long-blooming
Spring perennial. Double
white flowers. Sun/ part shade. Charming.
CARYOPTERIS x clandonensis
(Blue Mist Shrub) is a small shrub, often treated as a herbaceous
perennial because it blooms well if cut back to the ground
in Spring. It then becomes a 2-3 ft round bush, blooming in
late Summer and Fall. Without Spring pruning it will be larger,
less dense. Dark Knight
and Longwood Blue
are reliable. First
Choice (PP#11958) has glossy foliage and dark blue-purple
flowers. It was a sensation when it appeared in 2002. Grand
Bleu, new in 2003, is supposed to be better. Worcester
Gold has gold leaves and is normally no taller than 30.
(Wild Senna) is a native semi-woody plant with fine
textured leaves and yellow, pea-like flowers. It grows to
4 ft in full sun, dying to the ground in winter. Hardy to
CENTAUREA (Perennial Cornflower, Knapweed). Zone 3.
To 4'. Showy yellow for large gardens.
24". Brilliant blue flower similar to Bachelors button but
foliage is a broad-leafed, slightly felted rosette. Blooms
late Spring, reblooms with sufficient moisture.
(Red Valerian, Jupiter's Beard). 24 -30". Smooth gray-green
foliage carries rosy clusters of buds which open lighter.
Main bloom late June but lots of rebloom with minimal attention.
One of our most useful>Alba (white form).
(Snow-in-Summer). 6". Silver foliaged creeper covers
a lot of ground fast. Many white single flowers above the
foliage mat in late Spring. Wants sun and good drainage. Silver
Carpet is the standard variety.
CEPHALARICA gigantica is a 5 ft. focal point in a large border.
It has 2 inch pale yellow scabiosa-like flowers on wiry stems
above a 2 ft. mound of leaves. I gather that is a sentimental
favorite in English gardens. We received it years ago from
friend Carl OShea. Butterflies love this plant!
6 SYMBOL>2002 Phoenix Flower Farm
(Plumbago or Leadwort). 8-12" groundcover. Intense blue
flowers late summer, over dark green to red-bronze leaves.
Slow to break dormancy. Part shade, full sun. To Zone 5.
(Pink Turtlehead). 30". Native partial shade plant. Popular
here, especially variety
Hot Lips. Obliqua
Alba isyou guessed itwhite.
CHIASTOPHYLLUM oppositifolium (Cotyledon). One of those rare
but desirable plants for which even the common name seems
pretty uncommon. It has been doing well in our Zone 5 garden.
Chrysanthemum. A victory over the taxonomists (classifiers)
mums are mums again! (It may take some time to get them re-sorted.)
(Mei Kyo). 16. Exceptionally hardy fall-bloomer
carries fragrant lilac-pink double button flowers.
Shasta Daisy). Nothing
clarifies a garden like white (definitely a color) and Shastas
do the job well. We grow over a dozen varieties; these are
. 24-30". Old standard.
36". Now our favorite; starts blooming later and
lasts much longer; shiny foliage, too. This is the 2003
PPA Perennial Plant
of the Year.
18 high, quickly forms
a large, very regular
mound topped by 1.5 2 daisies. A hit in our border.
8-12". A true dwarf single, with very precise
foliage. Blooms its heart out all summer if deadheaded.
Two very useful>
2" daisies on 10" plants. White
Pink Bomb. Excellent
(was C. rubellum).
Extra hardy (Zone 3). Clara
Curtis. 18-24". Lavender; blooms August - Oct.
Stoker. Taller straw yellow, same long bloom.
Traditional Fall mums have become a specialty plant, and
too many are not hardy. In recent years we have found many
of the Yoder Prophet series reliable, in addition to some
oldies like Sea Urchin
We offer garden mums from local
greenhouses, in addition to our own stock. We
do not recommend mums imported from Latin America where they
are too often grown under virtual slave labor conditions and
a heavy chemical load.
(Golden Star) (6"). Under-used sun or shade groundcover;
1" yellow flowers. Eco-Lacquered
Spider is an especially vigorous selection.
CIMICIFUGA (Bugbane). Large woodland native has handsome
spires of small fragrant white flowers above cut-leaf foliage
in Fall. Slow to multiply but worth the wait. Z. 3.
(Black Cohosh). Northeast woodlander.
Atropurpurea. 5'. Absolutely smashing purple leafed
variety. Outstanding with gold hosta. Late summer.
We offer clones selected from our stock for dark leaves.
White Pearl. 48+". Flowers Sept-Oct.
CLEMATIS. The most popular deciduous vine. Culture varies;
pruning advice with each plant. Most clematis like their feet
in shade, their heads in sun. Our listings include species
or small flowered varieties with great landscape value climbing
walls, trees or shrubs. Our stock varies somewhat from year
to year. Zone 4 unless listed otherwise.
Large, dark red late bloomer; vigorous, compact.
Free flowering small blue. June.
Arctic Queen. Fully
double creamy white 4-6; May-Aug.
Bees Jubilee. Pink/red
bi-color May, June, September.
Belle of Woking.
Semi-double pale blue. 4-6" flower.
Bill McKensie. Superior
yellow-flowered orientalis -
tangutica hybrid. Zone 3.
Aniol>Pale violet, to 12 ft. New.
Blue Moon. 6-7
lilac-white, dk anthers; June, July, late Aug.
New lavender-blue intro, June, July, late Aug.
de Bouchard. Rose pink , yellow anthers.
Duchess of Edinburgh.
Double white. 4-6"
bars on blue petals, red anthers; June, Sep.
Hybrid. 5-6 pink blooms June and September.
H. F. Young. 7-8
medium blue, free-flowering.
Large pure white flowers, brown anthers.
purple. 5-6" flowers, long bloom.
Huge, vigorous pink.
12" bush, steely blue nodding flowers. Z3.
Ken Donson. Large
Blue. Climbing shrub to 12 ft. Small multi- petaled
Urszula Ledochowski. Pearly
white, red stamens;
rebloomer.From a new hybrid series originating in Poland.
Pink flowers in spring. Do not prune in
Fall; you will lose bloom. Z 5.
Grandiflora. Many small white flowers in spring;
rampant grower. Do not prune in Fall. Z 5.
True blue. May, June, Sept.
Mrs. N. Thompson.
Deep blue, scarlet bar; May, June, Sept.
Multi Blue. 4-5".
Very double dark blue-purple. Blooms June,
July, Sept. 7-8 ft. vine.
d Azur. Nodding true blue flowers, free-flowering
July and August. Charming older variety.
6-10 ft. Violet to purple bells, July-Sept, especially
nice seed heads. Central U.S. native. Zone 5.
Pink Fantasy. 4-5
pale pink, darker bars. June-Sept.
medium blue with rebloom.
Velvety red blooms July - Sept.
6-7" Pinkish-mauve with darker bar. May - September
bloomer. Very nice.
purple edge; blooms May - Sept.
(Sweet Autumn). Shiny leaves, small white flowers.
(Golden Bells). Yellow flowers resemble
Japanese lanterns; attractive seed heads.
Duchess of Albany. 2" pink bell-like blossoms on
strong growing vine. One of the best!
Beauty. Deep red, brown anthers. July - Sept.
Large, deep purple, continuous bloomer.
Purple-red flowers shading to
white, green stamens. Easy grower, late bloomer. Z 5.
petunia-red blooms May-Aug. Compact.
A small-flowered, free blooming vigorous species;
most cultivars are quite long blooming.
Pale blue bells July-Sept.
Correvon. 2" flowers of rich, velvety wine
red on a vigorous vine. Super!
Velvety blue-purple. Excellent.
Plena. Double-flowered red-purple.
v. Royal Velours.
Semi-belled deep purple; July-Sept.
v. Venosa Violacea.
White, purple veins; July-Aug.
Warsaw Nike. 5
velvet purple, May thru Sept. 8-10 ft.
(Lily-of-the-Valley). Everyone knows these beautifully scented
little bells. Zone 2! We have a limited supply of Rosea
COREOPSIS (Tickseed). Yellow lance-leafed varieties offered
include Baby Sun,
Early Sunrise, and Sunray.
whose 3 blossoms go on all summer. Distinguished by a brown
tripteris (Z4) grows to 6 ft. on our western plains;
heavily branched with 2" yellow flowers. The thread leafed
types are much liked:
Rosy pink. 10". Z4. American
Dream is a selection.
White flowered form.
yellow. 12-15". Continuous bloomer.
To 18" here.
NEW ruby red, Jun-Sept, 18, PPAF
Color break: large white flowers blending
to deep pink at center, Jun-Aug. 12 stems. PPAF
CORYDALIS. 15". A long-blooming cheerful>Lutea
carries racemes of cheerful>Ochroleuca
is the lovely white in our astilbe garden. Solida
is the lavender pink spring bloomer which goes dormant in
summer. China Blue
took some time to settle in, but is now lovely, may be summer-dormant.
Ex Dufu Temple
lighter blue, choice! x
Blackberry Wine (NEW in 2003) has wine-purple flowers
on 10-12 plantstunning!.Cheilanthifolia
is more of a clumper, to 2 ft., nice texture contrast to hosta.
is a long-blooming 15 pink/yellow. New in 2002 from seed collected
(Sea Kale). For the "big plant people" among
us. I've heard it described as a giant gypsophila (Baby's
Breath) atop a giant rhubarb. The whole thing takes
SYMBOL>2003 Phoenix Flower Farm Page 7
up 5 to 6 feet in both directions. Maritima
is 2 ft, with cabbage-like leaves, edible. Both prefer a sweet
soil, full sun.
CROCOSMIA. Looks like a smaller scale gladiolus. It needs
light well-drained, but moist soil. Lucifer
is a clear, bright red, just the ticket in a summer perennial
bed. To Zone 5.
Hardy CYCLAMEN grows 4 to 6 inches. The tiny reflexed flowers
look like shooting stars, shocking pink or white. Narrow heart-shaped
leaves are pleasingly marbled. Coum
blooms in early spring. Hederifolium
(Kenilworth Ivy). 2". Tiny frosted green leaves (campanula
shaped) and unusual lavender flowers in scale. Seems happiest
in part shade. SPREADS!
sports half-inch white flowers on a loosely branched
stem rising from shiny dark green foliage. The whole plant
is about 18" tall. Long bloom, good foliage all summer:
To see it is to love it.