ACANTHUS (Bear's Breeches). 3-4'. Dramatic plant for part
shade. One foot flower head has rose bracts surrounding
white flowers. Foliage is glossy dark green. Species spinosus
(spinosissimus?), with especially deeply cut leaves,
and hungaricus, similar. Zone
5, possibly 4. (Species mollis featured in
English gardens is not reliably hardy for us, but spiny
bears breeches has more character anyway.)
ACHILLEA (Yarrow, Milfoil). Excellent border plants, tolerate
poor soils, drought. Good cut flowers, fresh or dried, esp.
filipendula and ptarmica species.
f. Coronation Gold. 36". Deep
f. Moonshine. 30". Muted gold,
f. Parker's Variety. 24-36". Large
f. Schwellenburg. 24". Gold flowers,
millefolium. 24-36". White to purple
shades, ferny foliage.
m. Fireland. 24". Red flower
heads fading to creamy yellow.
m. Paprika. Paprika red.
m. Snowtaler. White.
m. Weser River
Sandstone. Deep rose-pink heads, 3 stem.
sibirica Stephanie Cohen. 15-18". Outstanding
cultivar of a lesser known yarrow. Green foliage, pink flowers.
tomentosa Maynard Gold. 6-12".
Woolly yarrow with pizzaz.
Bright gold 1" flowers. (Limited availability.)
ACONITUM (Monkshood). Partial shade to sun; fertile moisture-retentive
soil. Most flowers are blue. Blossoms look like helmets
or hoods. Late summer bloomers unless noted. Warning: Poisonous.
Cammarum Stainless Steel (4 ft.) is
a stunning new cultivar,
blooming June thru August. Steel blue flowers.
Carmichaelii (fischeri) (5)
starts in August; Arendsii (4 ft)
in September. Both carry vivid deep blue flowers and are
excellent for Fall.
henryi Spark's Variety. 4 ft. Deep
napellus. 48-60". Pale violet flowers
June, July; a bit wishy-
washy in our opinion..
septentrionale Ivorine. 30".
Charming small creamy flower blooming
ACTAEA pachypoda (Dolls Eyes). 18. Late spring
white flowers on bold astilbe-like foliage, followed by
pure white berries, each with a black eye. Hardy to Zone
ADENOPHORA lilifolia (Ladybells). 18-24".
Purple-blue bells on strong vertical stems from late summer
to fall. Easily mistaken for campanula species. Vigorous
ADONIS is a family of rarely seen alpines. We have the
early Spring members of the family on display, awaiting
increase. Aestivalis is a red-flowered summer-blooming
adonis, an annual which self-sows reliably.
AGASTACHE foeniculum (Anise Hyssop). 36".
Ornamental herb; leaves used for seasoning & tea. Blue
Fortune is now our favorite, for very long bloom.
AJUGA (Bugle). Good shade groundcover with flower spikes
in May. (Interplant blues with grape hyacinth for more flower-power.)
Zone 3 unless noted.
repens Burgundy Glow. Leaves marbled
green, white, rosy purple;
flowers blue. Favorite here.
r. Chocolate Chip. To 3, flowers blue.
r. Metallica Crispa(?). Larger version
of common bugle.
ALCEA ficifolia (Old-fashioned Hollyhock).
48-60" For sunny, well-drained site; self sows.
Also rosea Nigra The Watchman,
black, and rugosa (Russian Hollyhock), yellow,
ALCHEMILLA (Lady's Mantle). Variously treated as an herb,
edger, or shade plant. Chartreuse flowers are delicate,
dry well. Fan shaped foliage collects dew or rain on edges
where it sparkles. Glaucescens (syn. pubescens)
has slightly blued leaves, grows to 12 inches. Mollis
is the common plant, with hexagonal gray-green , densely
growing leaves. It is hefty and rugged, growing to 18 inches
in bloom. All appreciate good drainage and rich,
moist soil. Zone 3.
ALLIUM (Onion). There are many ornamental onions, including
chives, which makes a nice spring-blooming edger;
we offer these and garlic chives. The purely ornamental
onions are among our favorite perennials, including:
senescens Glaucum. 12 Neat
spiral foliage. Summer
spaerocephalum (Drumstick allium). 20. Red
heads in summera fine naturalizer.
thunbergii Ozawa. 12. Clusters of
1-2 brightly colored
round shaped purple flower. Blooms in October!
schubertii, karataviensis also
ALSTROEMERIA (Peruvian Lily) Weve grown 3 or 4 alstroemerias
for several years, though theyre usually rated for Zone
6 or warmer. They grow to 30 and make long-lasting bouquets.
Flower is shaped like a glad, but smaller. Look for the
new hybrids from the University of Connecticut.
ALYSSUM (Basket of Gold) (Aurinia). Airy gold flowers over
gray foliage, in Spring. Best tumbling over a wall. Needs
sun, good drainage; may be shortlived, but seeds. Selections
Silver and Gold or Mountain Gold.
AMSONIA (Blue Star). 24-36". Clusters of light blue
flowers atop clean green-leafed stems. Blooms May - June
sun, but foliage stays nice 'til fall. We offer a superior
selection of tabernaemontana, ciliata,
which has very narrow foliage, and illustris,
with leathery foliage. Fall color tip: Pair amsonia, which
turns gold, with the shrub oak leaf hydrangea, a gorgeous
ANCHUSA azurea (Italian Bugloss, Alkanet)
Loddon Royalist. Grows to 3 ft. A plant for the sunny
border, with hairy rough leaves and racemes of drop-dead
blue flowers in June and July. See it in our roadside berm.
ANDROSACE. A rockery family related to primrose. Pseudolanuginosa
has silvery rosettes topped by pink flowers. Millstream
Hybrid forms 2 tight cushions. Zone 4. We also have
a lovely self-sowing annual (A. lactiflora?)
from North American Rock Garden Society (NARGS) seed.
ANEMONE (Windflower). A large family of innocently appealing
flowers in white-pink-rose, blue. Attractive foli-age, buttercup-like
or heartshaped. April-June bloomers first:
canadensis (summer-blooming). Meadow anemone
ters of upward-facing flowers on 12 - 24 stems.
lesseri has red-rose flowers on 18"
stems in Spring.
Lorraine's. Garden name for a 6" charmer with
lavender blue flowers,
from a friend; true name unknown. Limited.
multifida. Large, cream flowers in June.
m. Rubra. 12 native; 1-2 dusty rose
sylvestris (Woods or Snowdrop Anemone).
Nodding 2" white
flowers on 12 - 18" stems. Spreads by seed and rhizome.
A winsome shade groundcover for Spring.
The anemones called "Japanese" bloom in late
Summer and Fall. They vary from 2 to 4 ft in height and
all carry 2-3" flowers above basal, faintly maple-like
leaves. Limited availability before July. Hardy, best in
light shade. We always have japonica alba.
(Honorine Jobert), a 36" single white, and tomentosa
Robustissima, the very tough 24-48" single
pink. Otherwise, you will find a mix of the following hybrids,
varying from year to year.
Andrea Atkinson. To 36. White single, late August.
Bodnant Burgundy. 40. From the Welsh garden.
Hadspen Abundance. Single or semi-double pink.
Margarete. 24 well-branched stems, double pink,
Pamina. 36-48" double rose blooms all Fall.
Prince Henry. 36" semi-double rose in September.
Richard Ahrens. 30 light pink, semi-double, Aug.-Sept.
Serenade. 40". Fully double dark pink.
Whirlwind. 36" free-flowering semi-double white.
ANEMONELLA thalictroides (Rue Anemone). 4-10".
Rare woods wildflower, may go dormant in summer. Blossoms
white to pink, naturalizes well.
Page 2 2003 Phoenix Flower Farm
ANGELICA. Gigas atropurpurea is a 4 to 10
ft purple leafed biennial with fragrant white flowersspectacular!
Needs moisture to do best. Hardy Pachycarpa,
native to New Zealands Alps, is just 24 tall, with glossy
green foliage and very fragrant white flowers. NEW in 2002.
Both Zone 4.
ANTENNARIA neglecta gaspensis is a tiny pussytoes
that will amaze you (with excellent drainage). Pink flowers
on a gray carpet in Spring. Sun or part shade, Zones 3 7.
ANTHEMIS (Golden Marguerite). A group of tough, daisy-flowered
plants, with finely cut foliage. We grow Kelwayi,
Moonlight, Sancti-Johannis, and Wargrave.
E. C. Buxton
has white flowers. Zones 3 8.
ANTHERICUM liliago (St. Bernards Lily). A
pass-along plant, which we now recommend to you. NEW on
ANTHRISCUS sylvestris Ravenswing. 24 bronze-purple
foliage supports delicate white flowers April to July. For
us, this perennial chervil self-sows just enough to maintain
a good patch, but we understand folks in Zone 6 have found
ANTHYLLIS (Kidney Vetch) vulneraria subsp.
Coccinea. Mats of green foliage bear large clover
heads of yellow-orange May-June. 6-8. Zone 4. NEW.
ANTIRRHINUM hispanicum roseum (Spanish Snapdragon).
Pink flowers all summer over bluish fuzzy leaves. Choice
8-12 plant adds texture and color to the garden; Zone 5.
Braun-Blanquette is also a hardy snapdragon, NEW
AQUILEGIA (Columbine). A short lived perennial which self
sows and interbreeds shamelessly. Besides the species and
named strains below, we offer some each year from our
"patch". Prefers some shade but not too fussy.
June flowers; cut back the bloom stalks for late summer
re-bloom. Yes, they get eaten by little larvae. Pretty anyway.
alpina is a short blue.
canadensis. 12-24" red and yellow native.
flabellata Nana Alba. 12". Exquisite
white. Our favorite.
Plum Pudding. Double plum violet.
ARABIS (Rock Cress). 6". April-May bloom on a carpet
of evergreen foliage. Prefers a light soil, sun or part
shade. Many half-inch blossoms.
caucasica Snow Cap. White. Good spreader.
c. Variegata. Same, with white-edged
ferdinandi-coburgii Variegata. Dense
A. sturii is a sturdy mat-forming rockery
ARISAEMA triphyllum (Jack-in-the-Pulpit).
12-36". Much loved wildflower blooms in Spring, has
nice red berries in Fall. Will naturalize in moist shade.
nursery propagated stock.
ARMERIA (Sea Thrift) Tufted foliage, lollipop flower heads.
Low varieties for rockgardens. Well-drained soil in full
sun; flower in Spring. Maritima Vindictive
is vivid pink, the best weve found to date. A. pseudoarmeria
Bees Ruby is taller (12-14), with rose-pink flowers.
NEW in 2003. Zones 4-8.
ARTEMISIA (Wormwood). A large family of gray foliaged plants,
flowers often insignificant. Valued for dried arrangements
as well as for contrast in the garden. Full sun, well-drained
soil. These are staples of the dry, sunny garden.
abrotanum (Southernwood) Tangerine.
Very fine green foli-
age, scented; has been happy in a barrel for several years.
lactiflora Guizhou. 48". Purple
leaves, black stems, white
flower plumes; a very different artemisia for back-of-the-
border. Much more sturdy than the species. Zone 4.
ludoviciana Silver King,
et al. 36". Broad foliage, upright
grower. Invasive. Zone 4.
Powis Castle. 30". Cultivar has finely
divided leaves, forms
a large upright clump. Marginally hardy in Zone 5,
but worth a chance, or take cuttings to winter over.
schmidtiana Silver Mound. Finely divided
leaves form a low
mound. Frequent division and/or a June "haircut"
will keep this
looking as you expect it to. Z 3.
Tiny Green. 2-3 mat for rockgarden or trough.
ARUM italicum. Tuberous, stemless, with showy
arrow-shaped leaves veined white. 6-12" spathes are
followed by clusters of vivid red-orange fruits in Fall.
Moist, well drained soil desired. Summer dormancy. Special.
Often listed for Zone 6 or 7, but we've been growing it
in Zone 5 for six years now. Our plants are excellent.
ARUNCUS (Goatsbeard). Creamy white plumes in summer resemble
astilbe. Prefers rich, moist, well drained soil in part
shade, but accepts widely variable conditions.
aethusifolius (12"). Choice dwarf
type with fine foliage. Mistaken
dioicus (4-7') Variable tall species;
ASARUM (Wild Ginger). Grown for its foliage. Plant collectors
relish the subtle differences among these handsome woodland
plants, all native except europaeum.
affinis shuttleworthii and selections. Heavily
silvered. arifolium. Mottled glossy leaves;
canadense (12"). Northeastern native
europaeum (5"). Shiny evergreen heartshaped
leaves make this
the Cadillac of shade groundcovers. Will self-sow
after it is
well-established (3 years).
ASCLEPIAS (Milkweed family). Mature plants do not transplant
because of taproot. They thrive in poor soil and at wetland
edges, with full sun. Butterfly magnets! Zones 5 9.
incarnata (Swamp Milkweed). 40". Pink
tuberosa (Butterfly Weed). 24". Bright
orange flowers. Mixed
color strain Gay Butterflies and Hello Yellow
verticillata has long, needle-like
leaves and fragrant white
flowers in midsummer.
ASTER. Large family characterized by masses of daisy-like
flowers in shades of pink, blue, purple or white. Most bloom
late Summer or Fall. Give them lots of moisture and pinch
back in early Summer to avoid legginess--or plant the tall
varieties behind a fence or a lower plant which holds foliage
quality well. Hardy to Zone 4, possibly 3, unless noted
alpinus Dwarf Mix, Happy Endings.
12". Spring blooming.
ericoides (pringeli) Monte
Casino. 30". Many 1/2" white blossoms.
Good filler in cut bouquets. Mixes well in our garden
with mum 'Mary Stoker'.
laevis Bluebird. 36-42" violet
blue. Nice foliage.
lateriflorus (Wood Aster). Shrubby
mound to 30".
Prince has purple foliage, starry
white flowers with raspberry centers. Lady in Black is
similar, flowers more.
nova angliae (New England Aster). We're growing
selected seed from plants on our property. They grow 4 to
6 feet with brilliant purple flowers. Or select from the
Alma Potschke. 30-36". Bright salmon or coral.
Hella Lacy. 42". Royal purple,
Purple Dome. 18-24". Great
oblongifolius Raydon's Favorite. Medium
blue flowers, aromatic foliage.
ptarmicoides. 18. White rays, cream centers,
tataricus. 6-8 ft Giant, lavender
blooms late Fall; Jindai.is a
4 ft hybrid which is a superb garden plant for a large
tongolensis Berggarten (24")
or Wartburg Star. Single lavender-pink blossoms
on both cultivars. Good cut flower; fully hardy. Summer
ASTEROMOEA mongolica (formerly Kalimeris).
Can't say enough for this 2-3' plant whose small white semi-double
flowers look like a cross between an aster and a cushion
mum. Blooms for three months beginning in July; sturdy and
disease resistant. Great with asters, grasses, helenium
and other late summer stars, in sun or part shade. Zone
ASTILBE (False spirea). A whole tribe of shade loving plants
characterized by cotton-candy-like plumes made up of tiny
florets. Colors are white, pink, rose, lavender, "red".
Seed heads effective in dried bouquets. Variations in height,
foliage quality (though all have somewhat lacy foliage that
holds its quality well) and bloom time. Season spans June
to August. Designations below (E, M, L) are within that
time frame. We try new varieties of these all the time--may
have the best selection in Central New York, but not necessarily
all of them at the same time.
Bonn 20 E Deep carmine-rose. Dense plumes.
Bremen 24 EM. Crimson-rose.
Bressingham Beauty 40" M Pink.
Bridal Veil 32" M. Loosely clustered, pure
Cattleya 40" LM. Rose pink.
Deutschland 24" E Creamy white.
Elizabeth 28" M. Raspberry. Recommended.
Ellie 24" M. Large, full white plumes.
Europa 16E bright pink.
Fanal 24" E. Standard dark red.
Federsee 24" EM Dark red.
Gloria 32" M. Lavender-pink; short dense plumes.
Glut (Glow) 32" L. Pure dk red, long narrow
Granaat 24-30" M. Dark red; purplish foliage.
Grete Pungel 36-40 EM. Rose pink.
Groncal 28-32 EM-M. Dark pink.
Hyazinth 38" M. Lavender; long and dense plumes.
Irrlicht 24" M. Pale pink to white.
Kriemhilde 35" M. Rose pink plumes; purplish-red
Kvele (Kwell) 34. Graceful>
Peach Blossom 20" E. Light peach/salmon pink.
Peaches & Cream 24 M. Soft pink to white, glossy
Queen of Holland 36" E. White, tinged pink.
Red Sentinel 20" M. Dark red, very full plumes.
Rheinland 24" E. Pink; profuse bloomer.
Rotlicht (Red Light) 32: M. Firy.
Spinell 36" M. Carmine red; long plumes; elegant.
White Gloria 36" M. Clear white, dense plumes.
chinensis pumila 12" L. Creeping habit,
dense lilac plumes.
c. Purpurkerze (Purple Candles) 36"L.
c. Serenade 16" L. Rose red.
c. Superba (was taquetti Superba)
40" L. Magenta.
c. Visions 15EM.Lilac-purple flowers,
bronze foliage. Good.
crispa Perkeo 6" EM. Very
small, dark pink. Very good.
crispa Lilliput Similar, but light
simplicifolia hybrids: Glossy, sometimes
bronze leaves, deeply divided. Plumes short and broad.
Bronze Elegance 15" L. Light pink, bronze foliage.
Hennie Graafland 16" E-L. Rose; fine cultivar.
Inshriach Pink 12" M-L. Pink.
Sprite 12" M. Dark rose, bronzy leaves. 1994
Plant of the Year.
thunbergii Ostrich Plume
24-30" M-L. Bright pink.
t. Prof. van der Wielen 30" M-L.
Broad white plumes.
t. Red Charm 40" M-L. Similar
habit to Ostrich Plume.
ASTILBOIDES tabularis. 36". One of the
big-plant band. This has huge (18") hairy leaves, topped
by clumps of small white flowers. For moist sun-to-part-shade
ASTRANTIA major (Masterwort). 28". Highly
recommended as a taller groundcover for moist part shade.
Species is good for naturalizing, carries white flowers.
Lars, long-flowering, Rosensinfonie, Ruby
Cloud, Ruby Wedding, and Hadspen Blood are
wine red varieties. Sunningdale Variegated has pale
pink flowers, variegated foliage.
AUBRIETA (Purple Rock Cress). Prostrate rockery or wall
plant blooms early Spring. We have both red and purple
Page 4 2003 Phoenix Flower Farm
strains. Argenteovariegata is a 2-4 rockery specimen,
with white-variegated foliage, intense blue-violet flowers.