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Catalog A

ACANTHUS (Bear's Breeches). 3-4'. Dramatic plant for part shade. One foot flower head has rose bracts surrounding white flowers. Foliage is glossy dark green. Species spinosus (spinosissimus?), with especially deeply cut leaves, and hungaricus, similar. Zone 5, possibly 4. (Species mollis featured in English gardens is not reliably hardy for us, but spiny bears breeches has more character anyway.)

ACHILLEA (Yarrow, Milfoil). Excellent border plants, tolerate poor soils, drought. Good cut flowers, fresh or dried, esp. filipendula and ptarmica species. Zone 3.

 f. Coronation Gold. 36". Deep gold.

 f. Moonshine. 30". Muted gold, gray foliage.

 f. Parker's Variety. 24-36". Large gold.

f. Schwellenburg. 24". Gold flowers, gray foliage.

millefolium. 24-36". White to purple shades, ferny foliage.

m. Fireland. 24". Red flower heads fading to creamy       yellow. Smashing!

m. Paprika. Paprika red.

m. Snowtaler. White.

m. Weser River Sandstone. Deep rose-pink heads, 3 stem.

sibirica Stephanie Cohen. 15-18". Outstanding cultivar of a lesser known yarrow. Green foliage, pink flowers.

tomentosa Maynard Gold. 6-12". Woolly yarrow with       pizzaz. Bright gold 1" flowers. (Limited availability.)

ACONITUM (Monkshood). Partial shade to sun; fertile moisture-retentive soil. Most flowers are blue. Blossoms look like helmets or hoods. Late summer bloomers unless noted. Warning: Poisonous. Zone 3.

Cammarum Stainless Steel (4 ft.) is a stunning new cultivar,

blooming June thru August. Steel blue flowers.

Carmichaelii (fischeri) (5) starts in August; Arendsii (4 ft)

in September. Both carry vivid deep blue flowers and are

excellent for Fall.

henryi Spark's Variety. 4 ft. Deep bluish-purple flowers.

napellus. 48-60". Pale violet flowers June, July; a bit wishy-

washy in our opinion..

septentrionale Ivorine. 30". Charming small creamy flower       blooming in June.

ACTAEA pachypoda (Dolls Eyes). 18. Late spring white flowers on bold astilbe-like foliage, followed by pure white berries, each with a black eye. Hardy to Zone 3.

ADENOPHORA lilifolia (Ladybells). 18-24". Purple-blue bells on strong vertical stems from late summer to fall. Easily mistaken for campanula species. Vigorous grower.

ADONIS is a family of rarely seen alpines. We have the early Spring members of the family on display, awaiting increase. Aestivalis is a red-flowered summer-blooming adonis, an annual which self-sows reliably.

AGASTACHE foeniculum (Anise Hyssop). 36". Ornamental herb; leaves used for seasoning & tea. Blue Fortune is now our favorite, for very long bloom.

AJUGA (Bugle). Good shade groundcover with flower spikes in May. (Interplant blues with grape hyacinth for more flower-power.) Zone 3 unless noted.

repens Burgundy Glow. Leaves marbled green, white, rosy       purple; flowers blue. Favorite here.

r. Chocolate Chip. To 3, flowers blue.

r. Metallica Crispa(?). Larger version of common bugle.

ALCEA ficifolia (Old-fashioned Hollyhock). 48-60" For sunny, well-drained site; self sows. Also rosea Nigra The Watchman, black, and rugosa (Russian Hollyhock), yellow, long-blooming.

ALCHEMILLA (Lady's Mantle). Variously treated as an herb, edger, or shade plant. Chartreuse flowers are delicate, dry well. Fan shaped foliage collects dew or rain on edges where it sparkles. Glaucescens (syn. pubescens) has slightly blued leaves, grows to 12 inches. Mollis is the common plant, with hexagonal gray-green , densely growing leaves. It is hefty and rugged, growing to 18 inches in bloom. All appreciate good drainage and rich, moist soil. Zone 3.

ALLIUM (Onion). There are many ornamental onions, including chives, which makes a nice spring-blooming edger; we offer these and garlic chives. The purely ornamental onions are among our favorite perennials, including:


senescens Glaucum. 12 Neat spiral foliage. Summer


spaerocephalum (Drumstick allium). 20. Red purple oval

heads in summera fine naturalizer.

thunbergii Ozawa. 12. Clusters of 1-2 brightly colored

round shaped purple flower. Blooms in October!

schubertii, karataviensis also available.

ALSTROEMERIA (Peruvian Lily) Weve grown 3 or 4 alstroemerias for several years, though theyre usually rated for Zone 6 or warmer. They grow to 30 and make long-lasting bouquets. Flower is shaped like a glad, but smaller. Look for the new hybrids from the University of Connecticut.

ALYSSUM (Basket of Gold) (Aurinia). Airy gold flowers over gray foliage, in Spring. Best tumbling over a wall. Needs sun, good drainage; may be shortlived, but seeds. Selections Silver and Gold or Mountain Gold.

AMSONIA (Blue Star). 24-36". Clusters of light blue flowers atop clean green-leafed stems. Blooms May - June in

sun, but foliage stays nice 'til fall. We offer a superior selection of tabernaemontana, ciliata, which has very narrow foliage, and illustris, with leathery foliage. Fall color tip: Pair amsonia, which turns gold, with the shrub oak leaf hydrangea, a gorgeous bronzy burgundy.

ANCHUSA azurea (Italian Bugloss, Alkanet) Loddon Royalist. Grows to 3 ft. A plant for the sunny border, with hairy rough leaves and racemes of drop-dead blue flowers in June and July. See it in our roadside berm.

ANDROSACE. A rockery family related to primrose. Pseudolanuginosa has silvery rosettes topped by pink flowers. Millstream Hybrid forms 2 tight cushions. Zone 4. We also have a lovely self-sowing annual (A. lactiflora?) from North American Rock Garden Society (NARGS) seed.

ANEMONE (Windflower). A large family of innocently appealing flowers in white-pink-rose, blue. Attractive foli-age, buttercup-like or heartshaped. April-June bloomers first:


canadensis (summer-blooming). Meadow anemone has clus-

ters of upward-facing flowers on 12 - 24 stems.

lesseri has red-rose flowers on 18" stems in Spring.

Lorraine's. Garden name for a 6" charmer with lavender       blue flowers, from a friend; true name unknown. Limited.

multifida. Large, cream flowers in June.

m. Rubra. 12 native; 1-2 dusty rose flowers mid-Spring.

 sylvestris (Woods or Snowdrop Anemone). Nodding 2"       white flowers on 12 - 18" stems. Spreads by seed and       rhizome. A winsome shade groundcover for Spring.

The anemones called "Japanese" bloom in late Summer and Fall. They vary from 2 to 4 ft in height and all carry 2-3" flowers above basal, faintly maple-like leaves. Limited availability before July. Hardy, best in light shade. We always have japonica alba. (Honorine Jobert), a 36" single white, and tomentosa Robustissima, the very tough 24-48" single pink. Otherwise, you will find a mix of the following hybrids, varying from year to year.  


Andrea Atkinson. To 36. White single, late August.

Bodnant Burgundy. 40. From the Welsh garden.

Hadspen Abundance. Single or semi-double pink.

Margarete. 24 well-branched stems, double pink, Sept.

Pamina. 36-48" double rose blooms all Fall.

Prince Henry. 36" semi-double rose in September.

Richard Ahrens. 30 light pink, semi-double, Aug.-Sept.

Serenade. 40". Fully double dark pink.

Whirlwind. 36" free-flowering semi-double white.

ANEMONELLA thalictroides (Rue Anemone). 4-10". Rare woods wildflower, may go dormant in summer. Blossoms white to pink, naturalizes well.

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ANGELICA. Gigas atropurpurea is a 4 to 10 ft purple leafed biennial with fragrant white flowersspectacular! Needs moisture to do best. Hardy Pachycarpa, native to New Zealands Alps, is just 24 tall, with glossy green foliage and very fragrant white flowers. NEW in 2002. Both Zone 4.

ANTENNARIA neglecta gaspensis is a tiny pussytoes that will amaze you (with excellent drainage). Pink flowers on a gray carpet in Spring. Sun or part shade, Zones 3 7.

ANTHEMIS (Golden Marguerite). A group of tough, daisy-flowered plants, with finely cut foliage. We grow Kelwayi, Moonlight, Sancti-Johannis, and Wargrave. E. C. Buxton

has white flowers. Zones 3 8.

ANTHERICUM liliago (St. Bernards Lily). A pass-along plant, which we now recommend to you. NEW on 2003.

ANTHRISCUS sylvestris Ravenswing. 24 bronze-purple foliage supports delicate white flowers April to July. For us, this perennial chervil self-sows just enough to maintain a good patch, but we understand folks in Zone 6 have found it invasive.

ANTHYLLIS (Kidney Vetch) vulneraria subsp. Coccinea. Mats of green foliage bear large clover heads of yellow-orange May-June. 6-8. Zone 4. NEW.

ANTIRRHINUM hispanicum roseum (Spanish Snapdragon).

Pink flowers all summer over bluish fuzzy leaves. Choice 8-12 plant adds texture and color to the garden; Zone 5. Braun-Blanquette is also a hardy snapdragon, NEW in 03.

AQUILEGIA (Columbine). A short lived perennial which self sows and interbreeds shamelessly. Besides the species and named strains below, we offer some each year from our

"patch". Prefers some shade but not too fussy. June flowers; cut back the bloom stalks for late summer re-bloom. Yes, they get eaten by little larvae. Pretty anyway. Zone 3.

alpina is a short blue.

canadensis. 12-24" red and yellow native.

flabellata Nana Alba. 12". Exquisite white. Our favorite.

Plum Pudding. Double plum violet. 

ARABIS (Rock Cress). 6". April-May bloom on a carpet of evergreen foliage. Prefers a light soil, sun or part shade. Many half-inch blossoms.

caucasica Snow Cap. White. Good spreader.

c. Variegata. Same, with white-edged leaves.

ferdinandi-coburgii Variegata. Dense groundcover.

A. sturii is a sturdy mat-forming rockery plant.

ARISAEMA triphyllum (Jack-in-the-Pulpit). 12-36". Much loved wildflower blooms in Spring, has nice red berries in Fall. Will naturalize in moist shade. nursery propagated stock.

ARMERIA (Sea Thrift) Tufted foliage, lollipop flower heads. Low varieties for rockgardens. Well-drained soil in full sun; flower in Spring. Maritima Vindictive is vivid pink, the best weve found to date. A. pseudoarmeria Bees Ruby is taller (12-14), with rose-pink flowers. NEW in 2003. Zones 4-8.

ARTEMISIA (Wormwood). A large family of gray foliaged plants, flowers often insignificant. Valued for dried arrangements as well as for contrast in the garden. Full sun, well-drained soil. These are staples of the dry, sunny garden.


abrotanum (Southernwood) Tangerine. Very fine green foli-

age, scented; has been happy in a barrel for several years.

lactiflora Guizhou. 48". Purple leaves, black stems, white

flower plumes; a very different artemisia for back-of-the-

border. Much more sturdy than the species. Zone 4.

 ludoviciana Silver King, et al. 36".    Broad foliage, upright

grower. Invasive. Zone 4.

 Powis Castle. 30". Cultivar has finely divided leaves,       forms a large upright clump. Marginally hardy in Zone       5, but worth a chance, or take cuttings to winter over.

 schmidtiana Silver Mound. Finely divided leaves form a       low mound. Frequent division and/or a June "haircut"       will keep this looking as you expect it to. Z 3.

 Tiny Green. 2-3 mat for rockgarden or trough.

ARUM italicum. Tuberous, stemless, with showy arrow-shaped leaves veined white. 6-12" spathes are followed by clusters of vivid red-orange fruits in Fall. Moist, well drained soil desired. Summer dormancy. Special. Often listed for Zone 6 or 7, but we've been growing it in Zone 5 for six years now. Our plants are excellent.

ARUNCUS (Goatsbeard). Creamy white plumes in summer resemble astilbe. Prefers rich, moist, well drained soil in part shade, but accepts widely variable conditions.


 aethusifolius (12"). Choice dwarf type with fine foliage.      Mistaken for astilbe.

 dioicus (4-7') Variable tall species; rough foliage.

ASARUM (Wild Ginger). Grown for its foliage. Plant collectors relish the subtle differences among these handsome woodland plants, all native except europaeum.


affinis shuttleworthii and selections. Heavily silvered. arifolium. Mottled glossy leaves; scarce. Limited.

canadense (12"). Northeastern native groundcover.

europaeum (5"). Shiny evergreen heartshaped leaves make       this the Cadillac of shade groundcovers. Will self-sow

      after it is well-established (3 years).

ASCLEPIAS (Milkweed family). Mature plants do not transplant because of taproot. They thrive in poor soil and at wetland edges, with full sun. Butterfly magnets! Zones 5 9.

incarnata (Swamp Milkweed). 40". Pink flowers.

tuberosa (Butterfly Weed). 24". Bright orange flowers. Mixed

color strain Gay Butterflies and Hello Yellow also offered.

verticillata has long, needle-like leaves and fragrant white

flowers in midsummer.

ASTER. Large family characterized by masses of daisy-like flowers in shades of pink, blue, purple or white. Most bloom late Summer or Fall. Give them lots of moisture and pinch back in early Summer to avoid legginess--or plant the tall varieties behind a fence or a lower plant which holds foliage quality well. Hardy to Zone 4, possibly 3, unless noted below.

alpinus Dwarf Mix, Happy Endings. 12". Spring blooming.

ericoides (pringeli) Monte Casino. 30". Many 1/2" white    blossoms. Good filler in cut bouquets. Mixes well in our    garden with mum 'Mary Stoker'.

laevis Bluebird. 36-42" violet blue. Nice foliage.

lateriflorus (Wood Aster). Shrubby mound to 30".

Prince   has purple foliage, starry white flowers with raspberry centers. Lady in Black is similar, flowers more.

nova angliae (New England Aster). We're growing selected seed from plants on our property. They grow 4 to 6 feet with brilliant purple flowers. Or select from the varieties below.

Alma Potschke. 30-36". Bright salmon or coral.

   Hella Lacy. 42". Royal purple, reddish foliage.

   Purple Dome. 18-24". Great compact purple.

oblongifolius Raydon's Favorite. Medium blue flowers,    aromatic foliage.

ptarmicoides. 18. White rays, cream centers, plains native.

tataricus. 6-8 ft Giant, lavender blooms late Fall; Jindai.is a

4 ft hybrid which is a superb garden plant for a large border.

tongolensis Berggarten (24") or Wartburg Star. Single lavender-pink    blossoms on both cultivars. Good cut flower; fully hardy. Summer blooming.

ASTEROMOEA mongolica (formerly Kalimeris). Can't say enough for this 2-3' plant whose small white semi-double flowers look like a cross between an aster and a cushion mum. Blooms for three months beginning in July; sturdy and disease resistant. Great with asters, grasses, helenium and other late summer stars, in sun or part shade. Zone 4.

ASTILBE (False spirea). A whole tribe of shade loving plants characterized by cotton-candy-like plumes made up of tiny florets. Colors are white, pink, rose, lavender, "red". Seed heads effective in dried bouquets. Variations in height, foliage quality (though all have somewhat lacy foliage that holds its quality well) and bloom time. Season spans June to August. Designations below (E, M, L) are within that time frame. We try new varieties of these all the time--may have the best selection in Central New York, but not necessarily all of them at the same time.


Bonn 20 E Deep carmine-rose. Dense plumes.

Bremen 24 EM. Crimson-rose.

Bressingham Beauty 40" M Pink.

Bridal Veil 32" M. Loosely clustered, pure white.

Cattleya 40" LM. Rose pink.

Deutschland 24" E Creamy white.

Elizabeth 28" M. Raspberry. Recommended.

Ellie 24" M. Large, full white plumes.

Europa 16E bright pink.

Fanal 24" E. Standard dark red.

Federsee 24" EM Dark red.

Gloria 32" M. Lavender-pink; short dense plumes.

Glut (Glow) 32" L. Pure dk red, long narrow plumes.

Granaat 24-30" M. Dark red; purplish foliage.

Grete Pungel 36-40 EM. Rose pink.

Groncal 28-32 EM-M. Dark pink.

Hyazinth 38" M. Lavender; long and dense plumes.

Irrlicht 24" M. Pale pink to white.

Kriemhilde 35" M. Rose pink plumes; purplish-red leaves.

Kvele (Kwell) 34. Graceful>

Peach Blossom 20" E. Light peach/salmon pink.

Peaches & Cream 24 M. Soft pink to white, glossy foliage.

Queen of Holland 36" E. White, tinged pink.

Red Sentinel 20" M. Dark red, very full plumes. Very good.

Rheinland 24" E. Pink; profuse bloomer.

Rotlicht (Red Light) 32: M. Firy.

Spinell 36" M. Carmine red; long plumes; elegant.

White Gloria 36" M. Clear white, dense plumes.

chinensis pumila 12" L. Creeping habit, dense lilac plumes.

c. Purpurkerze (Purple Candles) 36"L. Purple-rose. Good.

c. Serenade 16" L. Rose red.

c. Superba (was taquetti Superba) 40" L. Magenta.

c. Visions 15EM.Lilac-purple flowers, bronze foliage. Good.

crispa Perkeo 6" EM. Very small, dark pink. Very good.

crispa Lilliput Similar, but light salmon pink.

simplicifolia hybrids: Glossy, sometimes bronze leaves,  deeply divided. Plumes short and broad.

Bronze Elegance 15" L. Light pink, bronze foliage. .

Hennie Graafland 16" E-L. Rose; fine cultivar. Very good.

Inshriach Pink 12" M-L. Pink.

Sprite 12" M. Dark rose, bronzy leaves. 1994 PPA Perennial

Plant of the Year.

thunbergii  Ostrich Plume 24-30" M-L. Bright pink.

t. Prof. van der Wielen 30" M-L. Broad white plumes.

t. Red Charm 40" M-L. Similar habit to Ostrich Plume.

ASTILBOIDES tabularis. 36". One of the big-plant band. This has huge (18") hairy leaves, topped by clumps of small white flowers. For moist sun-to-part-shade spots.

ASTRANTIA major (Masterwort). 28". Highly recommended as a taller groundcover for moist part shade. Species is good for naturalizing, carries white flowers. Lars, long-flowering, Rosensinfonie, Ruby Cloud, Ruby Wedding, and Hadspen Blood are wine red varieties. Sunningdale Variegated has pale pink flowers, variegated foliage.

AUBRIETA (Purple Rock Cress). Prostrate rockery or wall plant blooms early Spring. We have both red and purple

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strains. Argenteovariegata is a 2-4 rockery specimen, with white-variegated foliage, intense blue-violet flowers.